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Gardnerella Vaginalis is an infection of the female genital tract by bacteria of the Gardnerella vaginalis strain, often in combination with various anaerobic bacteria. Also called bacterial vaginosis. Gardnerella vaginalis was originally described by Gardner and Dukes in
Bacterial vaginosis is the most common cause of abnormal vaginal odor and discharge. It is caused by a change in the type of bacteria found in the vagina. Normally, bacteria belonging mostly to the Lactobacillus family live harmlessly in the vagina and produce chemicals that keep the vagina mildly acidic.
Bacterial vaginosis BV is a dysbiosis of the vaginal flora characterized by a shift from a Lactobacillus -dominant environment to a polymicrobial mixture including Actinobacteria and Gram-negative bacilli. BV is a common vaginal condition in women and is associated with increased risk of sexually transmitted infection and adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm birth. Gardnerella vaginalis is one of the most frequently isolated bacterial species in BV.
Gardnerella vaginalis and Gardnerella mobiluncus are two bacteria that normally live in the vagina without causing any symptoms. Treatment is with antibiotic drugs, such as Metronidazole or Clindamycin, in the form of oral pills or ointments that should be applied to the vagina, although in some cases cure can be achieved only by properly washing the area. A Gardnerella infection occurs most often in women, as the bacterium is part of the normal vaginal microbiota, but men can also be infected through unprotected relationships with an infected partner.
License: Public Domain. The main way of transmission of the G. Some clinical researchers suggest that the rectum may be inhabited with G.
Bacterial vaginosis BV and yeast infections are both common forms of vaginitis. Neither is typically cause for concern. While the symptoms are often the same or similar, the causes and treatments for these conditions are different.
Gardnerella is a genus of Gram-variable -staining facultative anaerobic bacteria of which Gardnerella vaginalis is the only species. The organisms are small 1. Once classified as Haemophilus vaginalis and afterwards as Corynebacterium vaginalisG.
For many women, a yeast infection is the first thing that comes to mind when you think about what can go wrong with the vagina. Yet oftentimes, it's an overgrowth of bacteria, not yeast, that causes an infection and the unpleasant symptoms that come along with it. Bacterial vaginosis, or BV, is the most common vaginal infection in women ages 15 to They live in perfect harmony, along with yeast, maintaining the vagina's pH and healthy ecosystem.